A Project of Animal Place
August 28, 2003
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Number #27 Volume 2
CORRECTION: In item #5 of the last issue, the Certified Humane program was
incorrectly identified as Humane Certified. For more information on the
program, see item #6 of N.21, V.2. The Associated Press had reported that
American Humane's "Free Farmed" program (see issue #9) had failed.
Thanks go to alert readers Caryn Ginsburg and Charlie Zigmund for informing us
that is not the case. For more information on the program, see: http://webcenter.petplace.aol.com/articles/artShow.asp?artID=5077
1. Subsidies Create Mountains of Milk
2. High Cow Death Rates Getting Higher; Drenching
3. Chefs Reconsidering Foie Gras
4. Corporate Farming Developments
5. HFA Provides Sanctuary for FFA Calf; Taped Tail
6. The Legend of the Tamworth Two
7. Dr. Ned Buyukmihci Profiled
8. Future Trends Symposium: Food Animal Welfare
1. SUBSIDIES CREATE MOUNTAINS OF MILK
Some 1.28 billion pounds of surplus powdered milk are being stored by the
government in caves and warehouses across the U.S. Each pound of it
costs taxpayers 80 cents, not counting storage costs, amounting to $1 billion.
The USDA was required to buy the milk in order to help boost prices as the
result of dairy policies that critics say encourage overproduction. The dairy
price support program, initiated in 1949, is a congressional statute requiring
the USDA to purchase milk once prices fall below a certain level in order to
support prices for it. The government is having a difficult time disposing of
all the milk, which it offers to school meal programs, food banks, and as
foreign aid. It has even shipped 200 million pounds of it for use as cattle
feed in drought areas: http://www.directag.com/directag/news/article.jhtml?article_id=1012504
Ken Cook, head of the Environmental Working Group, says it is the same problem
with all agricultural commodity subsidy programs: "It sends a signal to
produce without regard to the market....Uncle Sam ends up owning it, or trying
to dispose of it one way or another, even as we try to stimulate demand"
). A USDA official involved with the program says change can't be expected
until the next farm bill.
A new USDA program created by Congress last year has an annual budget of $90
million to compensate farmers who suffer significant price drops due to
cheaper imports. The trade protection program is in effect through 2007. See: http://www.fas.usda.gov/itp/taa/taaindex.htm
2. HIGH COW DEATH RATES GETTING HIGHER; DRENCHING
The death loss rate of cows in dairies across the nation is high and getting
higher. Rates reported in the U.S. include 5.9% in the North and 7.7% in the
South. The USDA's 2002 National Animal Health Monitoring System study reported
an average death rate of 4.8% nationwide [up from 3.8% in 1996 (p. 34): http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cahm/Dairy_Cattle/Dairy02/dairy2002-ptII.pdf
Cows, whose natural lifespan is 20-25 years (per the USDA's 1984 Yearbook of
Agriculture), are usually killed by age 4 (PDF file): http://agbiopubs.sdstate.edu/articles/EXEX4019.pdf
]. Common reasons for cow deaths include mastitis, toxemia, and fatty liver
"Drenching" is a procedure routinely performed on some cows after
having given birth. With the intent of minimizing or eliminating metabolic
diseases in early lactation, gallons of nutrient-dense solution are
administered to a cow by way of a 6-7 foot tube down her throat.
"Drenching fresh cows is more voodoo than science right now," says a
USDA research veterinarian. He cautions those "brave enough to try
this" that even with special equipment one in 250 cows can be expected to
drown. He explains how to insert the tube and cautions not to put it down the
cow's windpipe. He believes impatience is primarily the problem, and warns
"If you hook this up to a sump pump, kiss the cow goodbye."
3. CHEFS RECONSIDERING FOIE GRAS
With the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) carrying out attacks against it, chefs
in the San Francisco area are reconsidering serving foie gras, which is made
by force-feeding ducks and geese. One incident involved concrete poured into
the drains at a restaurant that was soon to open, said to symbolize "the
damage done to the ducks' digestive systems by force-feeding them." (An
article and video report can be found at: http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/news/081903_nw_lme_sfchef.html
See also N.26, V.2.
) Some chefs vow to continue offering foie gras, perhaps as
their own act of defiance. Others say the acts have rekindled concerns about
the way some animals are raised for food. Chef Traci Des Jardins of
Jardiniere's said she visited a foie gras operation in 1995 and is haunted by
the image of the ducks (see N.26, V.2
). She intends to discontinue serving the
item and see how her customers respond. "Chefs are kind of like
politicians now," one states. Others agree that writing a menu is
becoming a political act. The manager of Jardiniere's and the Acme Chop House
discusses more environmentally and politically appealing items. Last month, he
was confronted by animal rights activists after the Chop House arranged a
dinner and panel showcasing "humanely raised pork" (see item #8,
). The owner of a California foie gras operation argues that his
production methods are less inhumane than those used for chicken production.
He claims the force-fed geese run after them for more food. FBI agents are
calling the ALF acts a case of domestic terrorism.
4. CORPORATE FARMING DEVELOPMENTS
Environmentalists and animal protection advocates are using Buckeye Egg Farms
as a rallying point in their efforts against megafarms (see N.23,V.2
"If you get a bad actor like Buckeye Egg, it plays right into their
hands," said Ohio Department of Agriculture Director Fred Dailey.
"They point to them and say ‘see, this is going to happen to
you.'" Dailey acknowledged that neighbors and many farm organizations
also appealed to the state for help against Buckeye. An Ohio Family Farm
Coalition spokesperson said Buckeye has taken attention away from other
operations that deserve scrutiny. Tim Weaver, president of Weaver Brothers
Inc., one of the largest egg operations in the state, contends it isn't fair
to paint all agricultural operations with the same brush (see N.8
V.2 ), and that animal care standards have been raised in recent years.
A project by Bell Farms Inc. to build a mega-complex with capacity for 96,000
pigs on 4,000 acres of the Rosebud Sioux Reservation in South Dakota has been
foiled by the Humane Farming Association (HFA) and other opponents. The
Rosebud Tribal Council initially agreed to a 15-year lease of the land, and a
contract with Bell Farm's Sun Prairie partnership was approved by the state
Bureau of Indian Affairs. The project, slated to be the 3rd largest pig
production facility in the world, has been the subject of a series of
environmental lawsuits and appeals beginning in 1998. The tribal council
subsequently withdrew its support, and construction was stopped when Bell lost
its lease on the land. Two of 13 planned sites, each with 24 buildings holding
about 2,000 pigs each, had already been completed and continued to operate
even after Bell lost an appeal this year. It has filed another lawsuit,
against the government and the tribe, which HFA and others are attempting to
have dismissed. HFA was also successful this year in keeping a Japanese
corporation from building the largest pig production facility in Oregon.
On August 19th, a federal appeals court struck down an amendment to South
Dakota's constitution that prevents corporations from owning farmland or
engaging in farming in the state. State officials in Iowa, which has a similar
ban, are closely studying the decision. Nine states have statutory limitations
on corporate farming, while South Dakota and Nebraska have constitutional bans
on it. The court upheld a previous ruling that the amendment violated the U.S.
constitution, noting that it discriminated against out-of-state businesses.
The court also said supporters of the amendment failed to prove "a ban on
corporate farming would effectively preserve family farms or protect the
environment." The decision is said to be significant in its implications
for corporate limitations in the other nine states.
"Buckeye Egg Farm a Rallying Point for Big-Farm Opponents,"
Associated Press, August 25, 2003.
"Bell Dealt Blow, Feedstuffs, Michael Howie, March 3, 2003.
"Bell Farms Defeated in South Dakota."
"Corporate Farm Ban Struck Down," Des Moines Register, Anne
Fitzgerald, August 20, 2003.
5. HFA PROVIDES SANCTUARY FOR FFA CALF; TAPED TAIL
At the other end of the spectrum, HFA (see item #4) was instrumental in
enabling 13-year-old Alex "Ally" Bell to send a calf she'd raised
for 3 & ½ months to sanctuary instead of slaughter. Bell had been caring
for Max since he was 2 weeks old, as an FFA (formerly Future Farmers of
America) project. When she realized he would probably be purchased for
slaughter, she sought sanctuary for him instead. Bell's father bought Max, and
HFA offered to provide him with a safe and lifelong home at its Suwanna Ranch,
a 5,000-acre California refuge for formerly abused and neglected farmed
animals. Bell, who has become a vegetarian, said she thinks all FFA students
who raise farmed animals should tour slaughterplants as part of their
education. Her FFA advisor said "I don't try to hide the facts from my
students....We're trying to give them the best possible learning
experience." He acknowledged some students "can be a little
emotional toward the end, but it's not a traumatic experience." HFA's
Bradley Miller said, "We applaud and support Alex's courage to break from
the herd and re-think her involvement with the FFA program. [Animal Place runs
a similar program for 4-H and FFA students, see: see item #10, issue
was neutered and dehorned at the University of California before being
delivered to his new home.
When a woman at the Washington County Fair (NY) angrily complained about a cow
with a docked tail, the dairy owner used a piece of duct tape to attach a
flyswatter to the remainder of Jasper Jane's tail. Duane Robinson explained
that cows "just make a mess all over" with their tails. "When
you're milking, you get hit in the face easily," an employee of the dairy
added. Regarding the flyswatter, Robinson said, "It was sort of a
joke." (The article includes a photograph. See also issue
"She has a Beef with Slaughtering," The Davis Enterprise, Sharon
Stello, August 21, 2003.
"No Tail? No Problem," Bennington Banner, Katie Booker, August 25,
6. THE LEGEND OF THE TAMWORTH TWO
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is making a 60-minute movie about
two pigs who evaded capture for a week in 1998 after escaping from a southwest
England slaughterplant. Butch and Sundance had the public rooting for them and
generated a media frenzy. They now reside at the Rare Breed Centre in Kent.
"The Legend of the Tamworth Two," will follow the form of the Babe
movies, with the use of real pigs whose actions will be enhanced by computer
technology. Celebrities will supply voices. Executive producer Sally Woodward
explained that the film will "show how contrary human beings are in their
relationship with animals - how we are only too happy to tuck in to a pork
chop, but are outraged when we want to capture a pig that has stolen or
7. DR. NED BUYUKMIHCI PROFILED
Ned Buyukmihci ["byew-yewk-mucha"], co-founder of Animal Place and
the Association of Veterinarians for Animal Rights (AVAR), was the subject of
a Sunday feature in The San Francisco Chronicle. "Dr. Ned," a
veterinarian, recently retired from the University of California Davis School
of Veterinary Medicine where he served since 1979 as a professor of
opthalmology. His tenure was a turbulent one due to "his unflinching
defense of animals," for which "[h]is colleagues shunned and
ostracized him." A former student recounts: "Ned was all about the
animals....[h]e was one who lived what he preached." An attempted
dismissal by UC Davis led to his successful lawsuit against it. AVAR was
created in 1981 to help veterinarians nationally become animal-rights
advocates ( http://www.avar.org
#8 of http://www.farmedanimal.net/Newsletters/Newsletter88.htm
). The article tells of the adoption of alternative teaching methods that have
gradually been occurring at veterinary schools in the U.S.
Animal Place, a 60-acre California sanctuary begun in 1989, is home to more
than 150 rescued farmed animals and dogs ( http://www.AnimalPlace.org
). The article tells of the situations from which some of the animals
("individuals," as Buyukmihci calls them) were rescued. Buyukmihci
relates conditions for commercially kept chickens, cows and pigs. He describes
cattle dehorning as being like "someone coming up with bolt cutters and
removing your first finger at the base." A vegan for 17 years, Buyukmihci
is doubtful animal agriculture will improve conditions for animals on its own.
"Even though I don't believe in raising other animals for food, if it's
going to be done, at least we can make their lives as good as humanly
possible," he said. "Right now, their lives are absolutely horrific.
And, it would take very little to make their lives better." Buyukmihci
urges people to at least give up meat two or more days a week. [Dr. Buyukmihci
is now Director of the Animal Protection Institute's Primate Sanctuary: http://www.api4animals.org/doc.asp?ID=1532
Animal Place is a sponsor of Farmed Animal Watch.]
8. FUTURE TRENDS SYMPOSIUM: FOOD ANIMAL WELFARE
"Food Animal Welfare: What Are the Issues?" is the theme of a Future
Trends in Animal Agriculture Symposium to be held in Washington, D.C. on
September 17th. The purpose of the free event, which is open to the public,
is: "To briefly present perspectives of non-government, professional and
industry organizations, and farmer representatives on cost issues of food
animal production and related standards. Government personnel will provide
background information. The presentations will help ensure staffers, policy
makers, and the public have a clearer understanding of the current status and
implications of standards and cost concerns." Open discussion is to
follow the sessions, which will address industry issues, societal issues,
trade, and animal welfare and environmental issues. To preregister (required),
contact David Brubaker at: PennsylvaniaB@aol.com
For more info, see: http://22.214.171.124/pdf/0917event_flyer.doc